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Vocational training needs to attract participation of enterprises


In a recently, VCCI’s HCM City Branch in collaboration with the Ministry of Labour - Invalids and Social Affairs' Directorate of Vocational Education (DVE) and the German Development Cooperation Agency (GIZ) held the Dialogue to discuss provisions of the 2012 Labour Code pertaining to businesses engaged in vocational training and education (VET).

According to Vo Tan Thanh, Director of the Vietnam Chamber of Commerce and Industry’s HCM City Branch, the laws are not clear about role and responsibilities of enterprises. A shortage of experts, failure of educational facilities and equipment to meet demand and old training curriculums are obstacles to the engagement of business in vocational training and education, he said.

The number of workers trained by enterprises who work for more than a year for them subsequently has decreased sharply, said Bui Thi Ninh, Director of the VCCI’s Bureau for Employers’ Activities, HCM City Branch.
There are no regulations governing on-the-job training in terms of trainers, standards, certificates, working relations, and labour contracts.
“There are no specific guidelines or regulations for apprenticeships and on-the-job training contracts in terms of the rights and obligations of each party, contract terms and validity,” she said.
The Labour Code only regulates the role of enterprises in establishing vocational training institutes or organising training for their employees, but ignores many other aspects, she said.
Britta Van Erckelens of GIZ Vietnam said cooperation with the business sector is necessary to develop a sound and coherent demand-oriented technical and vocational education and training (TVET) system that provides an adequately skilled workforce for a green economy in the industry 4.0 era.
“Only the business sector can define the knowledge, skills and competencies needed and certify the quality of the training,” she said.
Important aspects and concepts concerning co-operation with the business sector in TVET have entered the legal framework since a new TVET law was enacted at the end of 2014. These aspects should be further defined and synchronised with provisions in the Labour Code. A mechanism that institutionalises the cooperation with the business sector should be jointly developed to suit Vietnamese conditions.
“Those mechanisms, besides co-operatively implemented training, could and should include stakeholder boards, such as industrial advisory boards at the institutional level or sector councils at the sectoral level.”
The participants strongly encouraged joint efforts in this regard between DVE and the business sector, TVET institutions and provincial governments, saying only a joint approach would lead to comprehensive and sound results to strengthen the connection between industry and vocational training. Each vocational training activity that enterprises can participate in must be governed by regulations on implementation mechanisms.
Mr. Mai Duc Thien, Deputy Director General of the Ministry’s Legal Affairs Department, said: “It is necessary to amend the Labour Code because its enforcement has faced several problems and shortcomings that need to be addressed.”
Since 2016 the amendment of the Labour Code has gone through three stages: drafting supplements since 2016, making proposals for a complete amendment from 2017 and drafting the amended Labour Code until now.
Amendments related to vocational education are expected to facilitate and provide opportunities for employees to get training and improve their occupational skills.
These will encourage enterprises to organise training for their employees, including those who do not have labour contracts.
“Amending is sure to meet the needs of global economic integration and improve the effectiveness of Government management and feasibility in practice,” he said.
The draft will be submitted to the National Assembly for consideration next month.
The department plans to incorporate feedback and revise the draft before submission to the National Assembly.