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25 years of implementation of Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action: the efforts on improve role and status of women in Vietnam


On May, 06th, 2019, in Hai Phong, Ministry of Labour – Invalids and Social Affairs (MOLISA) in cooperation with United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and Empowerment for Women (UN Women) held the Conference on National level comprehensive reviewing of 25 years of implementation of Beijing Declaration and Plattform for Action, one of the most complete document of the world on gender equality and empowerment for women.


In 2020, the world will celebrate 25th  year anniversary  of implementation of Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action, while 5 years of implementing the sustainable development goals. In Vietnam, the year of 2020 will be the final year of the first national strategy on gender equality and the Government will prepare the new strategy on gender equality in the period 2021 – 2030. Therefore, the preparation procedure in 2019, which aims at reviewing comprehensive implemenation on gender equality with the participation of all relevant units, is very important.
In the speech at the Conference, Deputy Minister of Labour – Invalids and Social Affairs Nguyen Thi Ha requires the domestic and international experts, members of Drafting team and participants in Conference focus on discussion on the result achieved, the issues arised, the difficulties in the process of implementation of 12 fields of the Platform. Especially, in the orientation of implementaion of the Platform for Action, in the next period, it should focus on communication solution, improving awareness and change behaviors on gender equality, recommend the detail comprehensive strategic solutions on the field namely education – training, health care, poverty alleviation, job creation and income in order to improve the quality of women lives, and prioritize discussion on the solutions for prevention violence against women and girl, implementation of the human right of women.
Implementing Beijing's Declaration and Platform for Action, Viet Nam has recently been determined to implement through promoting gender mainstreaming in law construction and enforcement; issuing specific programs and projects on gender equality and prevention of gender-based violence; strongly implement communication activities on gender equality and empower for women in the whole society. These efforts have helped improve the role and status of  women in Vietnam. The proportion of women parliamentarians in Vietnam has reached 27.1%, higher than the regional and global average. According to international assessment, at present, the rate of female enterprise owners in Vietnam has reached 31.3% of the total number of enterprise owners. The rate of new job creation for female workers has always reached over 48% in the last 5 years. However, there are still difficulties and challenges in the process of implementation.
At the Conference, Mrs. Elisa Fernandez, Head Representative of UN Women in Vietnam said, “UN Women believes that the process of assessing the implementation of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action brings a great opportunity for Vietnam to renew and update the commitments and action for gender equality and women's empowerment. This reviewing process should mobilize all women and men, of all ages and different circumstances, to ensure the different voices and demands of all gender are listened to and eliminated all forms of discrimination. UN Women commits to continuing to support Vietnam in implementing gender equality and empowerment for women. ”
With the participation of participants from the Drafting team for the National Report, experts from research institutes on socio-economic, social organizations, UN’s agencies in Vietnam, organizations and international organizations, the Conference will also raise participants' understanding of international standards for drafting the report for Beijing Platform for Action, and recognize views and experiences of all parties in the process of promoting gender equality and empowerment for women in Vietnam.